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An ancient Olympiad was a period of four years grouped together, counting inclusively as the ancients did.Each ancient Olympic year overlapped onto two of our modern reckoning of BC or AD years, from midsummer to midsummer.Baron Pierre de Coubertin established the principle of Olympic Art Competitions at a special congress in Paris in 1906, and the first official programme was presented during the 1912 Games in Stockholm.These competitions were also named the ‘Pentathlon of the Muses’, as their purpose was to bring artists to present their work and compete for ‘art’ medals across five categories: architecture, music, literature, sculpture and painting.In 776 BC this occurred on either July 23 or August 21.(After the introduction of the Metonic cycle about 432 BC, the start of the Olympic year was determined slightly differently).Indeed, at least one IOC-published article has applied this nomenclature as well.
The Eleians declared such games Anolympiads (non-Olympics), but it is assumed the winners were nevertheless recorded., Olympiás) is a period of four years associated with the Olympic Games of the Ancient Greeks.During the Hellenistic period, beginning with Ephorus, it was used as a calendar epoch.Some winners were recorded though, until the last Olympiad of 393AD.In 394, Roman Emperor Theodosius I outlawed the games at Olympia as pagan.
The first poster to announce the games using this term was the one for the 1932 Summer Olympics, in Los Angeles, using the phrase: Call to the games of the Xth Olympiad Note, however, that the official numbering of the Winter Olympics does not count Olympiads—- it counts only the Games themselves.