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Posted by / 02-Dec-2017 04:02

Cross dating in archaeology

Contemporary 16 century illustrations of Irish people were also reviewed, though these largely depict people of much higher social standing than this individual.There was no definitive evidence as to what his eye or hair colour would have been so—given that this man was from Dublin—the decision was made to use blue eyes and medium brown hair, fairly typical of Irish complexion and colouring.On the one level, events and individuals are placed in an absolute chronology: the exact years and sometimes even months and days of the events and biographies are known.On the other level, the exact years may not be known, but it is known that one feature is earlier or later in relation to another; this is typically the case on an excavation, where the different archaeological strata allow objects found to be placed in a relative historical framework.This chronometric technique is the most precise dating tool available to archaeologists who work in areas where trees are particularly responsive to annual variations in precipitation, such as the American Southwest. These cross-dated sequences, called chronologies, vary from one part of the world to the next. Douglass pioneered the science of tree rings in this 1929 article titled "The Secret of the Southwest Solved by Talkative Tree Rings." Includes numerous fascinating historic photographs. Douglass in the 1920s, dendrochronology—or tree-ring dating—involves matching the pattern of tree rings in archaeological wood samples to the pattern of tree rings in a sequence of overlapping samples extending back thousands of years.The dating of remains is essential in archaeology, in order to place finds in correct relation to one another, and to understand what was present in the experience of any human being at a given time and place.

This clustering of dates also correlated to the orientation of the burials.Clothing shown in the reconstruction was kept plain and simple reflecting the individual’s humble status.All of this has allowed us to see for perhaps the first time the face of an ordinary Dubliner during the Tudor period.There was clear evidence for childhood malnutrition and heavy manual labour during life.Four of the individuals (SK1 & SK3–5) were adolescents, so approximately 13–17 years of age at death.

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Initially it was thought that these burials might date to the medieval period, possibly even that they were Viking or Hiberno-Norse.