Dating israeli coins
During the later years of Alexander's life, and for many years there after, coins based on the Macedonian issues of Alexander were struck at several mints in the region, and probably would have circulated freely in Judaea.ALEXANDER THE GREAT, 336-323 BC, silver tetradrachm.Trump’s December 6 declaration recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and announcing plans to relocate the embassy there was met with Israeli praise and international condemnation.That same month the United Nations General Assembly overwhelmingly passed a resolution condemning the administration’s move and calling on countries not to move their diplomatic missions to the city.Alexander the Great annexed Judaea into the Macedonian Kingdom in 332 BC.Upon his death general Ptolemy was appointed governor of the region and ruled under the name of the Macedonian Kingdom until 305 BC, when he declared himself king and established the Ptolemaic Kingdom.
Hendin dates this type to the Persian period, prior to 332 BC, but the type seems to be taken from the standard coins of the early Ptolemaic Kingdom, of a type first minted in about 305 BC.Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding an eagle in his right hand, a scepter in his left hand and with the name of Alexander behind. Coinage of the early Ptolemaic Kingdom would have been circulating in Judaea at this time, and, while none appear to have been minted in Jerusalem, tetradrachms of Ptolemy I to Ptolemy V can be found with mint marks for the surrounding towns of Sidon, Tyre, Ptolemais, Joppa and Gaza.Below Zeus' arm is a Phoenician inscription indicating that this coin was struck at Ake mint in the Holy Land, in year 25 of the Ake era (322/21 BC) one year after the death of Alexander. There is also one type of "Yehud" coins (see above under the Persian period), which was struck at this time.The Trump coin is likely to rile Iranians, who uniformly respect King Cyrus as an ancient Persian hero.Get The Times of Israel's Daily Edition by email and never miss our top stories Free Sign Up Rabbi Mordechai Persoff of the Israeli group, which also holds activities in the US, said that Trump, like Cyrus, made a “big declaration that Jerusalem is the capital of the holy people.” Head of the Mikdash Educational Center, Rabbi Mordecahi Persoff, left, inspects coins bearing the images of US President Donald Trump and King Cyrus, to honor Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, at a private minting facility, in Tel Aviv, Israel, Wednesday, February 28, 2018.
This is by no means a comprehensive listing, including only a fraction of types related to Judaea that exist.