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In 1948, the NCAA adopted a “Sanity Code” that limited financial aid for athletes to tuition and fees, and required that aid otherwise be given based on need (5).
In the early 1950’s, with the threat of several southern schools bolting from the NCAA, the code was revised to allow athletic scholarships to cover tuition, fees, and a living stipend.
This group evolved into the NCAA in 1910, but as a group it only possessed supervisory power (22).
Other athletes at colleges were given high paying jobs for which they did little or no work.
After passing Title IX in the mid 1970’s, the NCAA absorbed the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) and began to govern women’s sport at the collegiate level.
Over the past 50 years, the NCAA has also expanded into three divisions with a multitude of championship events on a yearly basis (20).
This prompted President Theodore Roosevelt to summon the presidents of Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, and threaten them with a ban unless the sport was modified.
As a result of that meeting, a group of 62 university presidents convened to form the Intercollegiate Athletic Association in 1906.
These competing, and often contradictory, values lead some college athletes in big time football and basketball programs to question the status quo of the present system through their words and actions.